Social security system in Slovakia


In Slovakia, the social security coverage is based on the occupational activity, not on the residence. The system falls under the competence of the Ministry of Employment, Social Affairs and Family of the Slovak Republic. The Social Insurance Agency and Central Office of Labour, Social Affairs and Family of the Slovak Republic are the executive bodies.

Health insurance in Slovakia is not included in the scope of social insurance. The healthcare system in Slovakia falls under the competence of the Ministry of Health of the Slovak Republic.


The social security system in Slovakia is made of three main components:

  1. Social insurance - its basic role is the protection of the economically active population in different situations. Employees and self‑employed persons meeting the conditions regarding the amount of income are mandatorily insured. Social insurance is financed by contributions and administered by the Social Insurance Agency (SIA).
  2. Social assistance - allows people in situations of material deprivation to receive substitute resources from the state in the form of services and benefits.
  3. State social support - which is devised to address particular life situations, including the birth of a child, child care, death of a family member and others. The allowances provided within this system are financed directly from the state budget. The entitlement to the social support is usually based on the permanent or temporary residence in Slovakia and does not depend on the income of the family or the economic activity of a person and his/her family members. Specific conditions must be fulfilled for obtaining a particular allowance.