Recognition of diplomas (tertiary education)
Recognition of previous education for academic purposes or for pursuing a so-called non‑regulated profession
In case of the recognition of previous education for academic purposes or for pursuing a so‑called non‑regulated profession, there are 2 different approaches, depending on the field of study, in which the diploma shall be recognised.
If the applicant would like to recognise his/her previous education of the 1st or 2nd level of higher education of a study programme in the same or related field as offered by one of the higher education institutions in the Slovak Republic, the decision about recognition for academic purposes lies upon the respective higher education institution in the Slovak Republic.
The best is to check the website of the same higher education institution in Slovakia (or to contact it), where the applicant wants to pursue his/her further study, to find out, whether it is offering study in the same or related field at the higher education level that needs to be recognised and thus is able to recognise the diploma from the previous university education. If this is not the case, the applicant can find another higher education institution in Slovakia offering that particular field of study and apply for recognition – to find out the possibilities, the applicant can check the website Portal of HEIs, where a list of institutions is published, divided according to the fields of study offered.
For the recognition procedures, the applicants shall officially apply (usually the respective institution has a prescribed application form) and attach the following documents to their application for recognising the education certificate:
- verified copy of a certificate of education obtained abroad (a notary‑certified copy and a translation into Slovak by an official sworn translator)
- verified copy of a transcript of records or a diploma supplement (transcript of the curricula, notary‑certified copy and translation into Slovak by an official sworn translator)
Apart from the abovementioned documents, the applicant may be required to submit other documents or information, provided these are necessary for assessing the content and extent of the education acquired abroad.
The decision of the higher education institution shall be issued within 2 months since the submission of a complete application.
In case that the study at the foreign institution corresponds to the curricula of the respective HEI only partially, the HEI could lay down the obligation for the applicant to take a supplementary examination. The supplementary examination is meant to verify the knowledge and skills of the applicant in subjects, or in their parts, which were not studied by the applicant in a foreign school and which have a direct relation to the applicant’s profile or the field of study pursued.
If the applicant would like to have recognised his/her previous education of the 1st or 2nd level of higher education of a study programme in a field that is not offered by any higher education institution in the Slovak Republic, the decision lies with the Ministry of Education.
The same application procedure (the form and the list of documents mandatorily submitted together with the application) applies as in a case when the decision is issued by the HEI.
Please note, that in case the diploma to be recognised was issued by a military HEI abroad, the decision lies with the Ministry of Defence and in a case of the diplomas issued by the HEI of the police force, it is the Ministry of Interior which is competent to recognise the document.
The decision of the Ministry shall be issued within 30 days since the submission of a complete application.
Automatic recognition of diplomas
A diploma issued by an education institution from an EU/EEA Member state, Switzerland or a third country, which is a party to a mutual bilateral or multilateral recognition agreement binding for the Slovak Republic, or issued by a HEI from a member state of European Higher Education Area (EHEA) is automatically recognized for academic purposes.
The HEI considers the application within seven days. If the application doesn’t meet all the requirements, the process is going to be interrupted and the applicant will be prompted to submit the missing documentation or to correct any deficiencies. The HEI decides within 15 days after the receipt of the complete application. The decision will contain the name of the equal qualification in the Slovak Republic.
Recognition of previous education for pursuing a so‑called regulated profession in the Slovak Republic
A so‑called “regulated profession” is a profession, professional activity or a group of professional activities, in pursuit of which it is necessary to meet the qualifications prescribed by the relevant legislation of the Slovak Republic. A list of regulated professions can be found on the website of the Ministry of Education.
In case of selected regulated professions, the Member States (EU, EEA, Switzerland) harmonised minimum requirements on education and training, therefore, a mutual recognition is automatic for the so‑called “sectoral” professions (dentists, doctors of medicine, midwives, nurses and pharmacists), which meet the following criteria:
- the Member States should agree on the content of education of these professions;
- commit that education and training for selected professions will be realised within the scope and content defined in the first point;
- education and training carried out according to the points 1 and 2 are automatically valid in the Member States.
General system of recognition is based on the fact that each citizen of a Member State can apply her/his education to pursue a profession in the state, where her/his education was obtained and he/she should also have this possibility in other Member States. The main principle of general recognition system, therefore, lies in the Member States’ trust in other national educational systems.
When a Member State finds out that there is a significant difference between the migrant’s ability measured according to the qualification and experience obtained in another Member State and the requirements posed by the host country to grant authorisation to pursue the same profession in its territory, it can review recognition of given qualification and may apply compensatory mechanisms determined by the host Member State.
The decision on recognition of professional qualification shall be issued by:
- the Centre on Recognition of Diplomas in case of pedagogical, sport and healthcare professions (the decision should be issued within 2 months since the application was filed)
- a competent authority in case of other professions (the decision should be issued within 3 months since the application was filed)
A completed application form for pursuing a so-called regulated profession is submitted to the Centre on Recognition of Diplomas at the Ministry of Education, Science, Research and Sport of the Slovak Republic in Bratislava (application form can be downloaded from its website) together with the following documents:
- copy of ID or passport
- verified copy of a certificate of education obtained abroad (notary‑certified copy and translation into Slovak by an official sworn translator);
- verified copy of a transcript of records or diploma supplement (transcript of the curricula, notary‑certified copy and translation into Slovak by an official sworn translator)
- copy of certificate of the previous highest completed education
- duty stamp of 99.50 €
- certificate of pedagogic work experience, if exists – only in case of pedagogic professions
- other documents, if required.