Employment conditions in Slovakia
The law stipulating all the rights and duties regarding employment in Slovakia is the Labour Code.
Basic forms of employment in Slovakia include:
- employment for an indefinite period,
- employment for a temporary – defined period,
- part‑time employment,
- working from home and teleworking, and
- employment of a student of a vocational school or institute.
Employment is for an indefinite period if the employment contract does not expressly specify the duration of the employment or where the legal requirements for signing an employment contract for a temporary period cannot be complied with.
An employment contract for a temporary period may only be signed for a maximum period of three years.
Part‑time employment contract – an employer may specify a shorter working time than the statutory maximum working week (working time may not be allocated for each working day), and the employee is paid a wage corresponding to this shorter working time arrangement.
Basic employment rules in Slovakia
Employment starts on the day specified in the employment contract.
Probationary period: an employment contract may specify a probationary period which should not be more than 3 months (some senior managerial positions can have 6 months probationary period); the probationary period may not be extended. The notice period is 2 months.
The standard maximum weekly working time for employees in the Slovak Republic is 40 hours.
After 4 hours of work per day, an employee is entitled to a contribution to his/her board (in the form of meal tickets redeemable for a restaurant or canteen meal).
Annual paid holiday: The basic leave entitlement of paid holiday is at least four weeks (20 days) in a calendar year; it can be even longer (usually one more week) provided it is set in the collective agreement, or on the basis of age – after reaching the age of 33.