Traveling by car
A driving licence issued in another EU/EEA country authorises the holder to drive motor vehicles of the categories indicated in it when in the Slovak Republic, regardless of the type of stay in the country. In case the person from another EU/EEA country will be granted temporary or permanent residence in Slovakia, he/she may apply for an exchange of the driving licence after 185 days from being granted a temporary or a permanent residence. If the person does not apply for the exchange of the driving licence, he/she is qualified to drive a motor vehicle in Slovakia with the original driving licence issued in another EU/EEA country.
A driving licence issued outside the EU/EEA but in a country that has signed the Geneva or Vienna Convention on Road Traffic (done in 1968 and in 1949) authorises the holder to drive motor vehicles in Slovakia only in combination with a valid international driving licence. Both driving licences must be issued in the same state of Convention. If such person is granted a temporary or permanent residence in Slovakia, he/she can use both documents only up to further 185 days. Within 60 days after this period, it is necessary to apply for the exchange of the former driving licence at the respective Police authority.
For further information related to driving licences, you may visit the website of the Ministry of Interior of the Slovak Republic, section driving licences (in Slovak only) or the District transport inspectorate of the Police forces according to the place of your residence.
Everyone riding a moped must be at least 15 years old and must hold a driving licence even if such a licence is not required in his/her country of permanent residence. Everyone riding a motorcycle over 50 cm3 must be at least 16 years old and everyone riding a car or lorry at least 18 years old. If the holder of the driving licence is under the age of 18, he/she can drive a car only in the presence of a passenger who must meet the specific conditions.
After being granted a permanent residence in Slovakia and if using a motor vehicle, it is also necessary to register your motor vehicle in use, if registered in another country. Technical control of the car must be executed before the registration, and be followed by a mandatory contractual insurance against the liability for damage caused by operation of the motor vehicle and an optional accident insurance.
For more information and required documents for the registration of your car, please contact the Police Vehicle registration Department in the place of your residence.
The current traffic regulations are the same as in other European countries. Seat belts are compulsory. The use of a mobile phone is forbidden while driving. It is prohibited to drink any amount of alcohol before or while driving. No level of alcohol in the blood is tolerated. A car must have the appropriate lights on during the whole year. Motor vehicles in Slovakia have a duty to have winter tires if a continuous layer of snow or ice is on the roads. An accident with presumed loss over 3,990 € must be reported to the police; otherwise, the participants of an accident clarify the circumstances themselves and report it to the insurance company according to their agreement.
On a motorway: max. 130 km/h (80 mph), min. 80 km/h (50 mph)
On a motorway in a built‑up area: max. 90 km/h (55 mph), min. 65 km/h (40 mph)
On an open road: max. 90 km/h (55 mph)
In a built‑up area: max. 50 km/h (30 mph)
As of 1 of January 2016, a formerly used paper form of motorway stickers has been replaced by electronic vignette valid in the given calendar year. They can be purchased via www.eznamka.sk. It is possible to buy an electronic vignette valid for a period of 10, 30 days or one calendar year. Motor‑bikers do not need electronic vignettes on motorways.
Petrol stations are located throughout the whole territory of Slovakia. They are usually open 24 hours a day, and easy to find. Most of these are operated by Europe's largest petroleum companies and are well‑stocked. They sell diesel and non‑leaded petrol, Super 95 Natural, Natural 98, Normal 21, V‑Power, V‑power Racing, EVO Benzin, etc. For older vehicles, the non‑leaded petrol with special additives replacing lead is available. There is also a network of petrol stations providing LPG. Almost all petrol stations sell drinks and snacks. Toilet facilities tend to be quite acceptable and larger stations offer showers. In all big petrol stations, you can pay with credit cards.
Parking in cities is well marked by international traffic signs. Parking in forbidden places can result in being fined, towed or wheel‑clamped. In bigger cities, some parking places are specified for parking with a parking card, which can be bought from newspaper kiosks. Other parking places require the use of automatic parking meters. In several cities of Slovakia, it is possible to use your mobile phone to pay for parking. For detailed information, please consult the website of Mobil Parking.
There are many taxi companies, although cruising taxis are seldom available. Taxi stands are located throughout the towns. Taxis ordered by phone have cheaper fares (usually 50 % cheaper). The fare is flexible and varies from company to company. When taking a taxi, look for one with the company's name on the car.