EURAXESS SLOVAKIA

Unemployment insurance

The system of social insurance also includes the system of unemployment insurance. The insured person is entitled to unemployment benefit under the condition that he/she had unemployment insurance for at least 2 years (i.e. 730 days) within the past 3 years before being included into the registry of unemployed job seekers.

Those entitled to the unemployment benefit are those insured persons who within the past 4 years before being included into the registry of unemployment job seekers achieved at least 2 years of insurance related to the labour relation concluded for a definite period, or 2 years of the voluntary insurance, and at the same time was not insured for the purposes of unemployment due to other activity as an employee.

The entitlement ceases after a 6month period has elapsed (in certain cases a 4month elapsed period) from the commencement of the benefit entitlement, or as of the day of granting the old-age pension, the early old-age pension and the invalidity pension due to incapacity to perform gainful activity by more than 70 % or after being excluded out of the registry of unemployment job seekers. The unemployment insurance does not relate to the natural person who had been granted the old-age pension, the early old-age pension or the invalidity pension due to a decrease in performing gainful activities by more than 70 %.

The unemployment benefit is assessed on a daily basis. The amount of unemployment benefit equals 50 % of the daily assessment multiplied by the number of days in the month. The daily assessment basis to determine the unemployment benefit depends on the amount of unemployment insurance contributions completed by the person in past 2 years.

The insured person is not entitled to unemployment benefit disbursement in the period when being granted: sickness benefit, nursing benefit, maternity benefit or parental allowance.

 

The unemployment insurance is mandatory for an employee having compulsory sickness insurance.

An employee for the purpose of sickness, pension and unemployment insurance, shall be an individual in a legal relationship with a right to a regular or irregular monthly income and also a person performing activities on the basis of agreements on work performance besides work contract with a regular monthly income, except for a person:

  • performing activities on the basis of a Contract for part-time work of students and
  • performing activities on the basis of an agreement on the performance of work or contract for services, if the person is granted the old-age, disability, retirement pension and has reached the old-age, disability, retirement age.


Voluntary unemployment insurance may choose a person after reaching 16 years of age, having permanent residence on the territory of the SR, temporary residence permit or permanent residence permit (EU/EEA/Swiss citizens fulfil this condition if they have residence in EU/EEA/Switzerland), and not being granted early old-age pension (i.e. students, researchers and other persons not falling into the scope of the above groups).

Voluntary unemployment insurance may only choose a person, having voluntary health and pension insurance; and a self-employed having permanent residence on the territory of the SR, temporary residence permit or permanent residence permit, also having voluntary health and pension insurance.

Last modified: 2015-10-27

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